The Grand Mosque of West Sumatra has been named the mosque with the best architecture in the world

MINANG TIME -The people of West Sumatra should be proud because one of the magnificent buildings that has become an icon of religious tourism in West Sumatra, namely the Great Mosque of West Sumatra, became one of the mosques with the best designs in the world, was named the winner of an award for its special and interesting architectural design, along with six other mosques.

The Great Mosque of West Sumatra, located in the city of Padang, won the Abdullatif Al-Fozan Award, where the award event featured works and mosque designs from Muslim-populated countries in the world. The recipient of the award, Rizal Muslimin, was the designer of the West Sumatra Grand Mosque design. Rizal comes from the famous architectural office from Bandung, Urbane Indonesia (UI).

Rizal is an architect from the Urbane architectural consulting office located in Bandung, West Java. quoted from the wikipedia page. The design was inspired by the gonjong form of the gadang house by adjusting the geometry of the worship space with a square plan. Personally, he has been exploring Minangkabau architectural elements for a long time. “Why can I produce a mosque that is acceptable to many people, because I have long liked the architecture of the rumah gadang, it cannot be made up. From the things I like, the good things come, so the elements that emerge in the design are things that I have appreciated for a long time.”

The Abdullatif Al Fozan Award for Mosque Architecture discusses new ideas for mosque design around the world and encourages innovation in planning, design and technology that can shape the architectural identity of mosques in the twenty-first century, There are four categories namely central mosques, Jam mosques' , local mosques and community mosques. The motto of this award is "Mosque Architecture in the 21st Century".

A total of 201 mosques in 43 countries have been nominated for international awards, 27 of which were selected and finally seven were announced as the main winners.

Here are the seven winners of the third edition of the mosque with the best architectural design, namely:

  1.  King Abdullah Mosque in Riyadh
  2. Basuna Mosque in the village of Basuna Sohag Egypt
  3.  Al-Ahmar Mosque in Bangladesh
  4. Great Mosque of West Sumatra in Indonesia
  5. Sancaklar Mosque in Buyukcekmece Istanbul Turkey
  6. Amir Shakib Arslan Mosque in Lebanon
  7.  The Great Mosque of Djenne in Mali

The Abdullatif Alfozan Award is an award event which was held for the first time in 2011. Since then the Abdullatif Al Fozan award has been held three times.

Three years later, this award began to cover the design of existing mosques in the Gulf countries. In the third year in 2017, the coverage of participants has expanded to other countries with Muslim populations

The mosque construction consists of three floors. The main room which is used as a prayer room is located on the top floor, has a terrace that slopes down to the street. The plan of the mosque is square in shape that tapers to the four corners, reminiscent of the shape of the stretch of cloth when the four tribes of the Quraysh in Mecca shared the honor of moving the Black Stone. The shape of the sharp angle at the same time represents the gonjong roof of the Minangkabau traditional house Rumah Gadang.

The Great Mosque of West Sumatra displays modern architecture that is not identical to the dome. According to the historian of UIN Imam Bonjol Padang Sudarman, this mosque is very accommodating of local architecture, especially the gonjong and the decorative variety of the rumah gadang.

However, the shape of the roof of the mosque is inspired by the stretch of the Prophet Muhammad's turban used to carry the Black Stone. When the four tribes of the Quraysh in Mecca disagreed over who had the right to move the Black Stone to its original place after the renovation of the Kaaba, the Prophet Muhammad decided to put the Black Stone on a piece of cloth so that representatives from each tribe could carry it together by holding their hands. each corner of the fabric.

The main building of the Great Mosque of West Sumatra has a basic plan of 4,430 square meters. The construction of the building was designed to respond to the geographical conditions of West Sumatra, which was rocked by large earthquakes several times. This mosque is supported by 631 piles with a poer foundation with a diameter of 1.7 meters at a depth of 7.7 meters. With the topographical conditions still in a swampy state, the depth of each foundation is not determined because it adjusts the saturation point of the soil.

The main room used as a place of prayer is located on the top floor in the form of a loose room. The top floor with an elevation of seven meters is connected to street level via a ramp, an open terrace that slopes onto the street. With an area of ​​4,430 square meters, the upper floor is estimated to accommodate 5,000–6,000 worshipers. The second floor is a U-shaped mezzanine with an area of ​​1,832 square meters.

The roof truss construction uses steel pipes. The vertical force of the roof load is distributed by four sloping concrete columns as high as 47 meters and two cross-arc columns connecting the sloping concrete columns diagonally. Each sloping column is driven into the ground with a depth of 21 meters, has a foundation of 24 drilled piles with a diameter of 80 centimeters. Sloping column work goes through 13 casting stages for 108 days by paying attention to the exact coordinates


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